Wednesday, 10 April 2013

Population Change in the UK

IMMIGRATION and it's effects...

Because Emigration is falling while Immigration is increasing the UK's net migration is rising.

Positive Attitude
Negative Attitude
-Immigrants create jobs eg Polish food shops
-Is earning capacity the only way we measure an individual’s contribution to society?
-Less likely to claim state benefits
-Work harder because they have to
We are all immigrants originally
-Why should it be easier to marry someone from Poland than from Pakistan – Racist policy?
-Often take low skilled and low paid jobs that established population might not want eg cleaner
-Use medical resources
-Too many immigrants for jobs
-Councils have to find more housing etc

Some proposed plans for immigration:

  1. Limiting skilled workers's stay to 5 yrs would damage the UK economically - 50,000 fewer skilled migrants cost every person £44 extra over 5 years
  2. Fewer visas to students who are the largest group of non-EU migrants, but £8.5 billion is generated in fees
  3. Only Husbands or Wives earning £18,200 - a policy for the wealthy
Social Benefits of Migrants: 
  • Increases understanding of other cultures
  • Influx of new or revitalized providers of local services
Economic Benefits:
  • Growth in ethnic retailing eg Curry mile in Manchester
  • Tend to take the less desirable jobs
  • Fill the skills gap that exists in many host countries with qualified migrants
  • Costs of retirement transferred back to the source country
  • Host country gains skilled labour at reduced cost
Social Costs:
  • Entrenchment of attitudes which may lead to fundamentalism
  • Groups of segregated ethnic groups are created and dominate local schools
  • Male Dominance reasserted especially in countries where women have low status like the Persian Gulf States
  • Racist attitudes which may lead to civil unrest and extremism
  • aspects of cultural identity is lost especially amongst second generation migrants
  • call for controls on immigration
Economic Costs:
  • Cost of educating migrants children
  • Much of the money goes back to the country of origin including pension payments
  • Increased numbers of people puts pressure on resources like health services and education
  • Some industries like construction over depend on migrant labour

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